Wildvuurseizoen 2022 naar verwachting het slechtste van Europa

In de eerste zes maanden van 2022 hebben de door bosbranden verbrande hectaren bijna de schade in heel 2021 geëvenaard, met het hoogseizoen dat nog moet komen.

Loutraki, Greece
Jul. 18, 2022
Door Daniel Dawson
Loutraki, Greece

Laatste nieuws

Wildfires have burned four times more land across Europe in the first six months of - than the - to - annual aver­age, accord­ing to datum from the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS).

A com­bi­na­tion of scorch­ing heat­waves across the con­ti­nent and dry soils have cre­ated ideal con­di­tions for com­bus­tion, result­ing in about - hectares being burned in the first six months of the year. 

By com­par­i­son, roughly - hectares of wild­fires burned across Europe in all of -, fueled by four weeks in late July and early August that saw - hectares burn in Turkije, Italië en Griekenland, each record­ing their worst wild­fire sea­son in a decade.

Zie ook:Vlammen overspoelen de oude olijfgaard van Amfissa

Europe’s olive-pro­duc­ing coun­tries once again have not been spared by the sum­mer blazes, a long-time phe­nom­e­non in the Mediterranean basin, but one that experts believe is being exac­er­bated by the gevolgen van klimaatverandering.

In the year’s first half, - hectares already have burned across Europe’s - largest olive-pro­duc­ing coun­tries. These coun­tries recorded an annual aver­age of - hectares of wild­fire dam­age from - to -.

Land
- ha burned
- – - aver­age
Spanje
86,729
66,965
Kroatië
27,579
13,113
Italië
22,397
53,961
Frankrijk
20,629
9,826
Montenegro
16,700
15,775
Portugal
16,329
96,625
Turkije
5,443
46,795
Albania
4,168
24,315
Griekenland
4,002
44,640
Cyprus
1,957
1,665
Slovenia
314
103
Source: EFFIS

European offi­cials are espe­cially con­cerned as the worst months for wild­fires rapidly approach. Record-set­ting heat­waves across much of south­west­ern Europe com­bined with abnor­mally low soil mois­ture could fuel European wild­fires in the peak months of July and August.

Academics and envi­ron­men­tal engi­neers are fur­ther con­cerned that the con­ti­nent is enter­ing a vicious cycle, where depleted for­est cover con­tributes to more intense heat­waves and wild­fires which fur­ther deplete for­est cover. 

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However, the record wild­fires have spurred European offi­cials into action and seen some of the most at-risk coun­tries receiv­ing new fire­fight­ing equip­ment and per­son­nel. Scientific fore­cast­ing is also help­ing local offi­cials iden­tify the regions with the high­est risk of wild­fires to deploy resources accord­ingly. 

"Last year, we wit­nessed the sec­ond worst for­est fire sea­son on record in the E.U.,” said Janez Lenarčič, the European com­mis­sioner for cri­sis man­age­ment. "This served as a painful reminder of the dev­as­tat­ing effect that for­est fires have on the lives of Europeans.”

"With this fleet in place, the E.U. boosts the con­ti­nen­t’s pre­pared­ness to face for­est fires,” he con­cluded.



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